Colmanstown Kiln is a lime kiln that dates back to the early 19th century and is one of the few surviving examples of its kind in the county.

A lime kiln is a structure that was used to produce lime by burning limestone at high temperatures. Lime is a versatile substance that has many uses, such as improving the quality of soil, making mortar and plaster, whitewashing walls, tanning leather, and disinfecting water. Lime kilns were common in rural areas where limestone was abundant and where lime was needed for farming and building.

The Colmanstown Kiln is a freestanding coursed rubble limestone structure with a square plan and a segmental arch to the front elevation. It has dressed limestone quoins to the corners and voussoirs to the arch. It is set in an open field and built into a hill slope, which helped to retain heat and reduce fuel consumption. The kiln has a fire box aperture at the bottom, where wood or coal was burned to create a strong draft. The limestone was loaded from the top of the kiln through a circular opening and was arranged in layers with fuel. The burning process could take several days or weeks, depending on the size and quality of the limestone. The lime was then extracted from the bottom of the kiln through the fire box aperture.

The Colmanstown Kiln is a physical reminder of the industrial heritage of Colmanstown, a village near Monivea in Galway. It is estimated that it was built around 1800, when lime production was at its peak in Ireland due to the demand for agricultural improvement and urban development. The kiln is one of the few remaining intact lime kilns in Galway, as many others have been demolished or fallen into ruin over time. The kiln is a valuable contribution to the architectural heritage of the area, as it demonstrates the skill and craftsmanship of the local builders and workers who constructed and operated it. The kiln is also a testament to the importance of lime as a material that shaped the landscape and economy of Galway for centuries.

The Colmanstown Kiln is located about 4 km south-east of Monivea village. There is no signpost or parking area for the kiln. The kiln is on private land, but it is visible from the road or with the landowner’s permission.


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Colmanstown Kiln



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